The purpose of the conflict of interest policy is to protect the interest of Breastfeeding USA, Inc. when it is contemplating entering into a transaction or arrangement that might benefit the private interest of an officer or director of the Organization or might result in a possible excess benefit transaction. This policy is intended to supplement but not replace any applicable state and federal laws governing conflict of interest applicable to nonprofit and charitable organizations.
Please fill out the Model Release Agreement and return it when submitting photos or images to be used in Breastfeeding USA publications, print and online media or materials. Email the signed agreement to Photos@BreastfeedingUSA.org, or send to the address listed on the agreement. Thank you!
Breastfeeding USA Joins the National #GivingTuesday Movement to Encourage Spending with a Purpose
Breastfeeding USA has joined #GivingTuesday, a unique blend of partners—charities, families, businesses and individuals—to transform how people think about, talk about and participate in the giving season. Coinciding with the Thanksgiving Holiday and the kickoff of the holiday shopping season, #GivingTuesday inspires people to take collaborative action to improve their local communities, give back in better, smarter ways to the charities and causes they support and help create a better world. Taking place December 2, 2014 – the Tuesday after Thanksgiving – #GivingTuesday will harness the power of social media to create a national moment around the holidays dedicated to giving, similar to how Black Friday and Cyber Monday have become days that are, today, synonymous with holiday shopping.
Breastfeeding USA Counselors serve communities across the nation via telephone, online communication and monthly meetings, at no cost to families. Breastfeeding USA is a volunteer-run organization. We believe in empowering families to change the world, beginning with a baby and mother-to-mother support. Patty Jacobs, Breastfeeding USA Funding and Development Coordinator says, “We encourage you to look into #givingtuesday and consider your many opportunities for giving. You can impact future generations through your support of Breastfeeding USA: by volunteering, donating or joining as a member. However you decide to give back, we appreciate your generosity.”
Breastfeeding USA is proud to be part of more than 12,000 corporate and nonprofit organizations providing creative ways people can embrace #GivingTuesday and collaborate in their giving efforts to create more meaningful results. “This initiative has truly been crowd‐sourced by some of the smartest and most connected minds among the next generation of philanthropists and entrepreneurs,” said Henry Timms, 92Y’s Interim Executive Director.
“#GivingTuesday is a counter narrative to Black Friday and Cyber Monday because it reminds us that the spirit of the holiday giving season should be about community and not just consumerism,” said Kathy Calvin, CEO of the UN Foundation. “The most meaningful gift we can give our children, loved ones, friends and neighbors is the commitment to work together to help build a better world.”
#GivingTuesday™ is a campaign to create a national day of giving at the start of the annual holiday season. It celebrates and encourages charitable activities that support non-profit organizations. Visit the #GivingTuesday website (www.givingtuesday.org) for more information.
About Breastfeeding USA
The mission of Breastfeeding USA is to provide evidence-based breastfeeding information and support, and to promote breastfeeding as the biological and cultural norm.
Visit the Breastfeeding USA website (www.breastfeedingusa.org), Facebook page (https://www.facebook.com/BreastfeedingUSA) or follow @Bf_USA (https://twitter.com/BF_USA) on Twitter.
Contact Breastfeeding USA at Funding@breastfeedingusa.org
In addition to providing support to breastfeeding mothers, Breastfeeding USA Counselors may also provide evidence-based information to the public and respond to media requests. The following are some presentations by Breastfeeding Counselors and mentions of Breastfeeding USA in the media.
- May 20, 2015, Breastfeeding Counselor, Mary Fessner-Tarjanyi tells her story about breastfeeding while on active duty and reserve in the United States Air Force. "Thank you for Giving the Breast for Baby and Country!" ~Robyn Roche-Paull, BSN, RN, IBCLC Breastfeeding in Combat Boots Military Mom – Mary Fessner-Tarjanyi: USAFR Musician, Breastfeeding Mom, Support Group Leader
- January 1, 2015. "Candid online posts describing the challenges of breastfeeding fill the Facebook page of Breastfeeding USA’s Connecticut chapter." West Hartford News Breastfeeding rates are on the rise
- December 28, 2014, Breastfeeding initiation rates are on the rise in Connecticut, due in part to the outstanding work of the Connecticut Chapter of Breastfeeding USA. Connecticut Health Investigative Team Breastfeeding Rates On The Rise, As Mother-Baby Support Systems Expand
- May 22, 2014, Joining the New York Times debate about the politics of breastfeeding is Rachelle Lesteshen, Breastfeeding USA Counselor in Columbus, Ohio. Free Formula Comes at a Cost
- April 24, 2014, Colorado Breastfeeding USA Counselor Rosalie Rust is working hard in her community! "By removing the roadblocks some mothers face, Rust can contribute to the health of babies and their mothers in Grand County." Breastfeeding support group offers new moms help, advice
- August 19, 2013, Leading Lady donates 1000 bras to Breastfeeding USA Chapters. Amy's Corner World Breastfeeding Week & National Breastfeeding Month: Leading Lady Partners with The Best for Babes Foundation® and Breastfeeding USA to Support Breastfeeding Moms
- August 2, 2013, Indy Breastfeeding Moms, a Chapter of Breastfeeding USA, celebrates World Breastfeeding Week with a Big Latch On, in Indystar.com Big Latch On 2013 in Indianapolis
- January 28, 2013, Research by Ruth Tincoff, associate professor at Bucknell University and Breastfeeding USA Counselor, is featured in this Huffington Post article Are Babies Like Eggplants?
- January 21, 2013, Rebecca Ruhlen, Breastfeeding Counselor and adjunct assistant professor at Davidson College, is interviewed in The Raleigh News & Observer Advocate says nursing moms deserve support
- November 19, 2012, Best for Babes declares that one of the top developments of 2012 is “Breastfeeding USA comes into its own as a new mother-to-mother support organization” in Booby Traps Series: Let’s give thanks for this year’s Booby Trap-busting developments.
- September 11, 2012, Christine Duenas, Breastfeeding Counselor with Breastfeeding USA Staten Island Chapter is September's Inspirational Mom on the Macaroni Kid.
- August 7, 2012, Blog entry Support Breastfeeding by Joining Breastfeeding USA’s Crowdsourcing Campaign! on Mothering.com
- August 6, 2012, Breastfeeding USA Board Member Nancy Mohrbacher discusses Breastfeeding USA on Best for Babes blog
- May 11, 2012, Breastfeeding USA Board Member Nancy Mohrbacher interviewed for Spanish-language article Time y el tabú sobre la lactancia materna in BBC Mundo
- May 11, 2012, Breastfeeding Counselor Kathryn Kos interviewed on BBB World Service Radio Programme World Have Your Say on the topic WHYS 60: Okay to breastfeed a three year old?
- May 11, 2012, Breastfeeding USA Board Member Nancy Mohrbacher interviewed for article Time Magazine cover photographer: Image patterned after 'Madonna and Child' in the Chicago Tribune
- May 10, 2012, Breastfeeding Counselors Ali Kulenkamp and Sara Spalding interviewed on WISH-TV 8, Indianapolis, IN
- March, 2012, Breastfeeding USA Board Members Nancy Mohrbacher and Sharon Knorr authored article Breastfeeding Duration and Mother-to-Mother Support published in the March issue of Midwifery Today
- November, 2011, Breastfeeding USA Board Member Norma Ritter authored article Breastfeeding USA: A New Educational Paradigm published in Hale Publishing Newsletter
- September, 2011, Hale Publishing Newsletter Announcements highlights Breastfeeding USA
In a little more than four years, Breastfeeding USA went from an idea to an incorporated entity which – thanks to the work and financial support of breastfeeding advocates across the country – has trained Breastfeeding Counselors to deliver our mission. Below are some key events in the history of the organization.
|September, 2008||Several current and former La Leche League Leaders begin discussing their desire to create a national breastfeeding support organization|
|Summer, 2010||Final work begins towards incorporation of the organization: defining mission statement; selecting initial members of the Board of Directors; drafting organizational documents|
|November 17, 2010||Breastfeeding USA, Inc. is incorporated in the state of New York|
|December 10, 2010||Breastfeeding USA Facebook page launched marking public announcement of organization|
|December 14, 2010||Breastfeeding USA website launched|
|December 2010 through January 2011||145 individuals become Founding Members of Breastfeeding USA in the first weeks after public launch|
|February, 2011||First issue of Breastfeeding Horizons was published|
|March, 2011||Launched BC accreditation program; first Breastfeeding Counselor applications accepted|
|May 17, 2011||First Breastfeeding Counselors were accredited|
|June 10, 2011||First Community Chapter meeting was held in Pinole, CA|
|June 30, 2011||Breastfeeding USA closes first fiscal year and receives 501(c )(3) non-profit status designation from the Internal Revenue Service|
|July, 2011||Breastfeeding USA hosts exhibit table and reception at ILCA Conference in San Diego|
|October, 2011||Held first Voting Member election of Board of Directors|
|November, 2011||Breastfeeding USA files first Form 990 Annual Financial Report with IRS|
|December 6, 2011||The Board of Directors hosted the first Voting Members' Annual Meeting|
|June 1-3, 2012||Breastfeeding USA hosts first face-to-face meeting of the Board of Directors, along with voting member and general interest get together|
|July-August, 2012||The Indiegogo crowd sourcing, fundraising campaign garnered over $14,000 gross revenue, and awareness of Breastfeeding USA.|
|March 2013||The Comprehensive Course was completed and all modules were open to BC Candidates.|
|July-October 2013||Breastfeeding USA and Best for Babes teamed up for the Inaugural Fitness and Fundraising Challenge “Team We’ve Got Your Back, Babe!”|
|May 31, 2014||Facebook reaches 50,000 "Likes" and celebrates with mothers around the country sending in hundreds of breastfeeding photos.|
The board of directors approves the inclusion of the following statements as an addendum in the Policies and Procedures Manual, and directs that it is given to and acknowledged by all employees and volunteers. It is the intent of Breastfeeding USA to adhere to all laws and regulations that apply to this organization, and the underlying purpose of this policy is to support the organization’s goal of legal compliance. Breastfeeding USA supports all employees and volunteers as necessary to achieve compliance with various laws and regulations.
The Breastfeeding USA Code of Ethics ("Code") requires directors, officers and employees to observe high standards of business and personal ethics in the conduct of their duties and responsibilities. As employees and representatives of the organization, we must practice honesty and integrity in fulfilling our responsibilities and comply with all applicable laws and regulations when conducting the business of the organization and our interactions with one another.
It is the responsibility of all directors, officers, volunteers and employees to comply with the Code and all other organizational policies and to report violations or suspected violations in accordance with the Whistleblower Policy.
No director, officer, volunteer or employee who in good faith reports a violation of the Code and/or policies shall suffer harassment, retaliation or adverse employment or retention consequences. An employee or volunteer who retaliates against someone who has reported a violation in good faith is subject to discipline up to and including termination of employment or the severing of volunteer affiliation. This Whistleblower Policy is intended to encourage and enable employees, volunteers and others to raise serious concerns within Breastfeeding USA prior to seeking resolution outside the Organization.
The Organization encourages employees and volunteers to share their questions, concerns, suggestions or complaints with someone who can address them properly. In most cases, a supervisor or department manager is in the best position to address an area of concern. However, if you are not comfortable speaking with your supervisor or manager, or you are not satisfied with your supervisor's response, you are encouraged to speak with someone in the Human Resources Department (for future reference. No HR department presently exists.) or anyone in management whom you are comfortable in approaching. Supervisors and managers are required to report suspected violations of federal, state or local law, the Code of Ethics or Policies and Procedures to the organization's Compliance Officer, or a designated individual who has specific and exclusive responsibility to investigate all reported violations. For suspected fraud, or when you are not satisfied or uncomfortable with following the organization's reporting policy or going to a manager or supervisor first, individuals should contact the organization's Compliance Officer directly.
The Organization's Compliance Officer is responsible for investigating, documenting and resolving all reported complaints and allegations concerning violations of the Code or policies and, at her discretion, shall advise the chief organizational manager, e.g. Executive Director, President, vice-President or the Executive Committee chair.) The Compliance Officer has direct access to the Executive Committee of the Board of Directors and is required to report to that committee at least annually on compliance activity.
Accounting and Auditing Matters
The Treasurer of the Board of Directors shall address all reported concerns or complaints regarding corporate accounting practices, internal controls or auditing. The Compliance Officer shall immediately notify the Board of Directors of any such complaint and work with the Finance Committee until the matter is resolved.
Acting in Good Faith
Anyone filing a complaint concerning a violation or suspected violation of the law, Code or policies must be acting in good faith and have reasonable grounds for believing the information disclosed indicates a violation. The notified personnel shall presume the good faith of the reporting individual. Any allegations that prove not to be substantiated, and which prove to have been made maliciously or knowingly to be false, will be viewed as a serious disciplinary offense.
Violations or suspected violations may be submitted on a confidential basis by the complainant or may be submitted anonymously. Reports of violations or suspected violations will be kept confidential to the extent possible consistent with the need to conduct an adequate investigation.
Handling of Reported Violations
The Compliance Officer will notify the sender and acknowledge receipt of the reported violation or suspected violation within five business days. All reports will be promptly investigated and appropriate corrective action will be taken if warranted by the investigation.
My signature below indicates my receipt and understanding of this policy. I also verify that I have been provided with an opportunity to ask questions about this policy.
Volunteer or Employee Signature
Copywrite Breastfeeding USA 2011
Breastfeeding Counselors are experienced breastfeeding mothers accredited following completion of a comprehensive breastfeeding education program. They provide information and support to pregnant and breastfeeding mothers, in both one-on-one and group situations. Lactation experts with specialized resources are available to assist with unusual breastfeeding situations. The first Breastfeeding Counselors were accredited in May 2011; training of new Breastfeeding Counselors is now ongoing.
Breastfeeding USA strives to present evidence-based information to mothers so that they can make truly informed decisions related to birth, babyhood, and beyond. We believe that the foundation of these decisions can be rationally based on the biological norm for human mothers and babies.
- We believe that the decision to breastfeed is not about lifestyle, but about the total physical and emotional health of the mother and baby, both in the short term and the long term.
- We strive to provide the information and support which mothers and families may need as they make decisions about nurturing their infants and children.
- We believe that it is normal and beneficial for women to interact with, support and encourage each other as they follow the path of motherhood.
- We understand that individual circumstances may sometimes make it necessary for families to make decisions which may be different than those they would have made in ideal circumstances.
- We believe that informed decision making helps families to be comfortable and confident in their choices.
- We believe in the importance of preserving breastfeeding to whatever degree.
- We believe that breastfeeding is the normal way to feed babies.
- We believe that breastfeeding matters.
1. Each mammal species makes milk unique for its offspring; the milk has properties which are most likely to ensure the survival of its species. Breastmilk is the biologically normal food for human babies. With very few exceptions, anything besides human milk will inevitably result in negative consequences for the baby. Some of the consequences of not receiving human milk can include:
- Decreased IQ by up to 8 points and delayed neurobiological development
- Increased rates of illness, especially gastrointestinal and respiratory
- For premature infants, increased risk of contracting necrotizing enterocolitis (NEC) or sepsis which can result in serious illness or death
- Increased risk of Sudden Infant Death Syndrome (SIDS)
- Increased rates of allergies, especially if given artificial milk during the first four months of life
- Decreased immunological response to injected vaccines
- Increased risk of obesity, high blood pressure, Type 2 diabetes, autoimmune diseases, and some cancers later in life.
2. Women who give birth are biologically prepared to lactate and then nurse their young. Women who do not breastfeed for any length of time may be at increased risk for:
- Premenopausal breast cancer
- Ovarian, uterine and thyroid cancer
- Type 2 diabetes (if they had gestational diabetes)
- High blood pressure
- Autoimmune disorders
- Post-partum depression.
Please Note: Breastfeeding does not guarantee that a baby will never get sick, will always be “smarter” than her formula-fed peers, will not get allergies, or that mothers who breastfeed will never get cancer, osteoporosis or high blood pressure. However, considerable research shows that the risk of all of these conditions increases as the amount of breastfeeding decreases. Good health, and affordable health, really can begin with breastfeeding. Breastfeeding is normal and healthy. Breastfeeding matters.
3. Primates, including humans, give birth to babies that are extremely vulnerable for a long period of time. The qualities of their milk necessitate frequent feeding in the early months. Their normal neurobiological development requires prolonged access to the mother. Breastfeeding provides needed access to high quality food and proximity and frequent interaction with a primary caregiver.
- Human milk and human babies are a matched set. The milk provides all the baby needs in the amounts necessary, if the baby is given easy access to the breast.
- Numerous studies prove that primates, including humans, thrive when they are held and attended to by a primary caregiver, most often the mother.
- Human babies do not have the capability of being independent for many years. They do have the capability of developing tremendous abilities given time and encouragement.
- Breastfeeding provides the combination of nutritional building blocks and emotional/physical contact that permits the normal development of the brain and neurological system that makes humans so special.
4. The circumstances of birth can have a powerful effect on the course that breastfeeding takes.
- Various drugs used during the birth process can affect the ability of the mother to interact with her baby post-partum, and can affect the ability of the baby to initiate breastfeeding.
- Separating mothers and babies at birth has a negative effect on the immediate and long-term prospects for effective breastfeeding. Mammals are never separated from their babies at birth except under the most extreme circumstances, such as physical attack in the wild or immediate danger of death to mother or baby.
- Minimum use of drugs (in a normal labor and delivery) and frequent skin-to-skin contact post-partum is shown to be the optimal environment for the normal establishment of breastfeeding.
- In the absence of one or more of the preceding conditions, health care providers need to be aware of the interventions which can help to lessen the impact of less than ideal birth situations.
- Mothers and babies should be skin-to-skin as much as possible.
- If direct breastfeeding is not possible, pumping of the breasts and hand expression should commence within six hours of birth.
- Access to competent lactation support by an IBCLC or similarly trained health care professional should be available to all newly-delivered mothers.
5. Babies are born with the innate ability to find the breast, latch and suckle. This ability should be supported, and intervention is indicated only when there are indications that the baby is not breastfeeding successfully.
6. Human babies usually nurse frequently after birth and without any discernable pattern - each baby is very individual in his or her needs, but average at least 8-12 feeds/24 hours. Human milk provides all the nutrition necessary for a baby's normal development and is meant to be ingested frequently in small amounts.
- Some babies nurse without any discernable pattern.
- Some babies nurse with a pattern, for instance, every 2-4 hours, based on the beginning of one feeding to the beginning of the next feeding.
- Some babies cluster feed during some parts of the day, often in the evening, while nursing less frequently during other parts of the day.
- Milk production, for the most part, is based on supply and demand - the more milk that is removed from the breast, the more is produced.
Frequent feeding is one of the best ways to insure a good milk supply.
7. It is biologically normal for mothers and babies to sleep in very close proximity. Some babies consume significant amounts of milk during the nighttime sleep period. Mothers who sleep with their babies need to be aware of safe co-sleeping practices.
8. Weaning is a gradual process during which foods other than breastmilk are slowly introduced to the baby's diet. Most healthy, full-term babies begin to show a readiness to eat other foods sometime during the middle of the first year of life.
- Based on many factors, the biologically normal age for weaning in human children seems to range from 2.5 to seven years of age.
- The actual age of weaning is strongly influenced by cultural factors.
- There is value to breastmilk and breastfeeding for as long as it continues.
9. In most pre-modern human societies, women supported other women in their families and communities during pregnancy, childbirth, breastfeeding and beyond. Knowledge about these activities was passed on as a part of everyday life. The need for mother-to-mother interaction remains strong today and its value to society should not be underestimated.
We, the undersigned, are all the initial directors in the Certificate of Incorporation of Breastfeeding USA, Inc., a New York State nonprofit organization, and pursuant to the authority granted to the directors by these bylaws to take action by unanimous written consent without a meeting, consent to, and hereby adopt the foregoing bylaws, as the bylaws of this corporation, on December 7, 2010.
Jolie Black Bear, President
Norma Ritter, Vice President
Patty Jacobs, Treasurer
Sharon Knorr, Secretary
Section 1. Amendment by Board
These Bylaws may be amended by a two-thirds majority vote of the Board of Directors using the following procedure and with the following limitations to the Board’s authority.
- The Board may entertain a motion to amend these bylaws at any regularly scheduled meeting of the Board
- The Board Secretary will notify the voting class of Members no less than 20 days prior to a meeting at which action to amend the bylaws is proposed and on the meeting agenda. Members will have an opportunity to express an opinion of the proposed amendment.
- The posting of the minutes from said board meeting shall constitute notification of the results of the motion to amend the bylaws.
- If the motion is deemed with merit by the board it is moved to ongoing business and at the next meeting of the Board is read again, ( referred to as the ‘Second Reading”) discussed, and eligible to be called for a vote.
- The Board may not entertain a second reading of a motion to adopt, amend or repeal the bylaws for the following items without the prior approval of the voting members:
- Fix or change the minimum or maximum number of directors
- Increase or extend the terms of officers or directors
- Remove or amend the term limit of the directors
- Allow any director to hold office by designation or selection rather than by election by the voting members, beyond replacement of a mid-term director
- Increase the quorum for voting members’ meetings
- Repeal, restrict, create, expand, or otherwise change member’s voting rights
- Eliminate, disband or in any way suspend the Grievance Committee.
Section 2. Amendment by Members
New bylaws may be adopted, or these bylaws may be amended or repealed, by a two-thirds vote of all Members eligible to vote. Procedures for initiating such a change to the bylaws will be outlined in the Policy Manual. The Board of Directors will not hinder or interfere in any way with these proceedings.
Section 3. Certificate of Incorporation Amendment
The Certificate of Incorporation may be amended by a two-thirds majority vote of the Board of Directors. The Board Secretary will notify the voting class of Members no less than 20 days prior to the meeting at which action to amend the Certificate of Incorporation is proposed. Members will have an opportunity to express any opinion either in support or in opposition to the proposed amendment.